Medicines that affect hearing. Medicines are used to treat diseases, but sometimes they can cause side effects . This includes ear damage called ototoxicity. Ototoxicity affects hearing and tinnitus. It includes not being able to control balance and being drunk . According to studies, about 200 types of drugs can affect hearing. Some drugs are only temporary, and some drugs can cause permanent damage.
Medicines that affect your hearing
Among the many types of drugs that affect hearing, the most commonly used drugs
These drugs include streptomycin, gentamicin, amikacin, and other drugs that end in “mycin” or “cin.” A type of pesticide It is used in severe infections. Medicines that cause lifelong hearing loss Some of these are used to treat drug-resistant TB .
The most common problem in Myanmar is the problem of hearing loss after TB injection. I would like to explain a little about this. Those who were treated before said that the TB drugs were not enough, so those who would treat them later said that they would stop treating them if they were not treated, so there would be more drug-resistant TB.
Not all TB drugs affect hearing. However, hearing can be affected if large doses of aminoglycoside antibiotics used in drug-resistant tuberculosis are given . Even if you stop the medicine, it will not get better. Of course it is. Why is it still given because drug-resistant TB is more to be feared and can be fatal if not treated properly?
Hearing is affected every time I use these drugs, so no. If there are these factors, it can be more damaging.
-If you use a large amount of treatment
-If you are taking diuretics (furosemide) and your kidneys are not very good,
-If you already have hearing impairment, it is more likely.
So, why can’t I use these drugs? What do you do to prevent hearing loss? Drug-resistant TB requires more drugs and longer treatment time than ordinary TB. Because it is a powerful drug, it should be used carefully so as not to harm the patient. So
-Hearing test before starting medication and at every return appointment.
If necessary, another drug is given as an intervening dose about 3 times a week. Otherwise, aminoglycosides can accumulate a lot in the body.
-If that doesn’t work, we will replace the TB medicine with another medicine.
-If it is not convenient to replace it, you can either reduce the amount of medicine.
Stopping the medication can prevent the hearing loss from getting worse. If you continue injecting without knowing, you may lose your hearing completely. Therefore, those who are taking TB drugs (especially drug-resistant TB) should go to appointments regularly. To tell you what you’re feeling It is important not to stop the medication on your own.
He is also a kind of antiseptic (ear infection, bronchitis), commonly used in lung diseases. It’s easy to tell that he has a hard ear because he starts showing signs of not hearing well what others are saying. Another good thing is that if you stop taking the medicine because you notice ringing in your ears, your hearing may come back.
Painkillers containing salicylate
For example, aspirin is a pain reliever. It’s not a blood thinner. (Blood thinners are much less effective than pain relievers.) Taking large amounts of aspirin-containing pain relievers (about 8 to 12 pills a day) can cause temporary hearing loss.
The NSAIDS group of pain relievers
Ibuprofen and naproxen are included, and if taken in large amounts, temporary hearing loss is common.
It is used as an antimalarial and to relieve night cramps. Temporary hearing loss is common, but may recover when the medication is stopped.
bad heart Bad kidney It is often used in people with liver cirrhosis and high blood pressure. Loop diuretics such as Lasix are both temporary and temporary. It can also cause chronic hearing loss.
Among cancer drugs, cisplatin and carboplatin often affect hearing. In the case of cisplatin, drug residues may remain in the ear fluid for up to a year after treatment. esophagus cervix Ovary testicles Bladder It is often used in lung and brain cancer. Cancer drugs can cause permanent hearing loss.Be sure to consult your doctor before starting treatment.
Will I lose my hearing with these drugs?
Hearing loss depends on the amount used. duration How much medicine will accumulate in the body? Age-related hydration status; it depends on kidney and liver function.
Also, if you are doing other factors that can affect your hearing while using these drugs, the risk is higher. For example, listening to loud noises, handling mercury, etc. Carbon monoxide inhalation In addition, the shoe factory, the battery factory Pesticides herbicide If you are working in jobs such as house painting, you may be more exposed to chemicals.
The drugs mentioned above can affect hearing, but on the other hand, they are powerful drugs. So I still use it. We recommend that you inform your doctor if any changes in your hearing occur while using these medications.